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Eking out a living through street hawking and the dilemma of coping with government harassment in Lagos state, Nigeria
Oct 5 06:50 PM


This research seeks to address the lives of the hawker as witnessed by many people in the major towns. It seeks to define the meaning of the hawkers, their work and the limitations they face while carrying out their business.

Analysis has been done to show the composition of the hawkers regarding their marital status, educational levels and the number of hours that these hawkers carry out their work in a day.

Challenges the hawkers face as far as the government is concerned has been discussed at length. Various people have criticized hawkers relationship with the government. The government has been adamant in legalizing the hawking business, but this report has come out with the underlying benefits of the hawking industry if well established and promoted by the government.

Hawking has been a source of employment for thousands of people both the educated and uneducated due to expanding levels of unemployment in the country. In turn, many people have finally found themselves in the informal sector so as to earn living from it.

At the end of the research, recommendations have been discussed that can effectively deal with the ongoing government-hawkers relationship. 

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Economic asset or national security burden? Rethinking Kenyan government policies towards urban Somali refugees
Sep 25 01:08 PM


This study starts with an investigation to Somali refugees in Kenya mainly in East Leigh. The primary aim of the study is to determine whether refugees in Kenya are an economic asset or are they security burden to the nation. The study also exposes the views of Somali refugees in Kenya as they are labelled as a security burdens. To curb terrorists, Kenyan government enacted Operation Usalama Watch policy. Therefore, the research will tackle Operation Usalama Watch policy and also highlight views of refugees regarding the adopted policy. The refugee views are of important to the study since they are referred as “terrorist” hence Operation Usalama Watch system deals direct with them.

According to the researchers, immigration of Somali citizens to Kenya is mainly because of internal conflicts. However, during the interview with the refugees, they expressed more reasons behind their immigration. According to them, internal conflicts contributed much to their immigration. Besides internal conflicts in their homeland, persecution from Al-Shabaab who wanted to rank them in their group, environmental issues that didn’t suit their livelihood; (an example given was drought, deforestation), and political persecutions contributed.

Concerning economic impact, Somali refugees have been estimated to contribute much in Kenyan economy especially those in East Leigh. Somali refugees have created a lot of employment to the Kenyans even though they don’t approve of that. According to interviews conducted, many Kenyans are Somali refugee customers in East Leigh. According to one interviewee, Kenyans buy both retail and in wholesale.

As security matters are concerned, Kenyan government has sworn to take Somali refugees back to their homeland since their camps are being used by al-Shabaab to attack the country. According to the Standard digital 11 May 2014, East Leigh was attacked with two grenades whereby six people were confirmed dead. Former cabinet secretary Interior and Coordination of the National Government Joseph Ole Lenku said that the Somalis in East Leigh are responsible for the attack since they are mere terrorist. The cabinet secretary enacted Operation Salaam Watch policy which was to curb the said terrorist. During the interview, the refugees were asked to express their feelings concerning them being labeled as the terrorist and the policy enacted.The study was able to determine that majority of refugees in Kenya(East Leigh) fled their country due to the conflicts and fear to be ranked in Al-Shabaab group.They concluded that they are in Kenya to seek protection not to be a security burden and also they feared al-Shabaab ranking hence they have nothing to do with them. Regarding the policy, the research was able to conclude that the policy harasses the refugees.

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My student life in Nigeria
Sep 25 09:23 AM

How would my student life in Adamawa State University be? I never thought of this question in my primary and secondary level education. But for the time being this is what my student life have been since I joined Adamawa State University. It has been more interesting with highs and lows, making a lot of friends and more so having a girlfriend in my first time. There are various statements I would use to explain how my life as a student has been in Nigeria. Many colleagues could relate to this; however there is what I understand of how my student life was.

First time

On the first time of having the literature lecture we were to write on an article entitled, “howdo you think your  student life will be?”this title appeared quite interesting to me since it was the first time to meet a title like it. This made me remind on the Darwin theories on human kind origin. I really wondered whether I could get the exact meaning of the title ”how do you think your student life will be”.

Using Auto ethnography I am looking towards writing the article “how was my student life in Nigeria?”this paper had to be narrative, which seemed cool to write on. I wanted to be the best and prove to MR. Uche that I was the best student in his class. I commemorate the feeling vividly. Part of who I am today is because of my student life which happened in my days in Adamawa State University five years ago. I cherish all the moments in my student life in the Campus especially with my friends. 

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